For the small signal model of the forward-biased pn junction, shown in Figure 10.15, RS=5 Ω, rd=10 Ω, Cd=110 pF at ID F of 1 mA. Use MATLAB to plot the equivalent input impedance (magnitude and phase) for frequencies from 10^4 to 10^10  Hz. | Numerade (2024)

`); let searchUrl = `/search/`; history.forEach((elem) => { prevsearch.find('#prevsearch-options').append(`

${elem}

`); }); } $('#search-pretype-options').empty(); $('#search-pretype-options').append(prevsearch); let prevbooks = $(false); [ {title:"Recently Opened Textbooks", books:previous_books}, {title:"Recommended Textbooks", books:recommended_books} ].forEach((book_segment) => { if (Array.isArray(book_segment.books) && book_segment.books.length>0 && nsegments<2) { nsegments+=1; prevbooks = $(`

  • ${book_segment.title}
  • `); let searchUrl = "/books/xxx/"; book_segment.books.forEach((elem) => { prevbooks.find('#prevbooks-options'+nsegments.toString()).append(`

    ${elem.title} ${ordinal(elem.edition)} ${elem.author}

    `); }); } $('#search-pretype-options').append(prevbooks); }); } function anon_pretype() { let prebooks = null; try { prebooks = JSON.parse(localStorage.getItem('PRETYPE_BOOKS_ANON')); }catch(e) {} if ('previous_books' in prebooks && 'recommended_books' in prebooks) { previous_books = prebooks.previous_books; recommended_books = prebooks.recommended_books; if (typeof PREVBOOKS !== 'undefined' && Array.isArray(PREVBOOKS)) { new_prevbooks = PREVBOOKS; previous_books.forEach(elem => { for (let i = 0; i < new_prevbooks.length; i++) { if (elem.id == new_prevbooks[i].id) { return; } } new_prevbooks.push(elem); }); new_prevbooks = new_prevbooks.slice(0,3); previous_books = new_prevbooks; } if (typeof RECBOOKS !== 'undefined' && Array.isArray(RECBOOKS)) { new_recbooks = RECBOOKS; for (let j = 0; j < new_recbooks.length; j++) { new_recbooks[j].viewed_at = new Date(); } let insert = true; for (let i=0; i < recommended_books.length; i++){ for (let j = 0; j < new_recbooks.length; j++) { if (recommended_books[i].id == new_recbooks[j].id) { insert = false; } } if (insert){ new_recbooks.push(recommended_books[i]); } } new_recbooks.sort((a,b)=>{ adate = new Date(2000, 0, 1); bdate = new Date(2000, 0, 1); if ('viewed_at' in a) {adate = new Date(a.viewed_at);} if ('viewed_at' in b) {bdate = new Date(b.viewed_at);} // 100000000: instead of just erasing the suggestions from previous week, // we just move them to the back of the queue acurweek = ((new Date()).getDate()-adate.getDate()>7)?0:100000000; bcurweek = ((new Date()).getDate()-bdate.getDate()>7)?0:100000000; aviews = 0; bviews = 0; if ('views' in a) {aviews = acurweek+a.views;} if ('views' in b) {bviews = bcurweek+b.views;} return bviews - aviews; }); new_recbooks = new_recbooks.slice(0,3); recommended_books = new_recbooks; } localStorage.setItem('PRETYPE_BOOKS_ANON', JSON.stringify({ previous_books: previous_books, recommended_books: recommended_books })); build_popup(); } } var whiletyping_search_object = null; var whiletyping_search = { books: [], curriculum: [], topics: [] } var single_whiletyping_ajax_promise = null; var whiletyping_database_initial_burst = 0; //number of consecutive calls, after 3 we start the 1 per 5 min calls function get_whiletyping_database() { //gets the database from the server. // 1. by validating against a local database value we confirm that the framework is working and // reduce the ammount of continuous calls produced by errors to 1 per 5 minutes. return localforage.getItem('whiletyping_last_attempt').then(function(value) { if ( value==null || (new Date()) - (new Date(value)) > 1000*60*5 || (whiletyping_database_initial_burst < 3) ) { localforage.setItem('whiletyping_last_attempt', (new Date()).getTime()); // 2. Make an ajax call to the server and get the search database. let databaseUrl = `/search/whiletype_database/`; let resp = single_whiletyping_ajax_promise; if (resp === null) { whiletyping_database_initial_burst = whiletyping_database_initial_burst + 1; single_whiletyping_ajax_promise = resp = new Promise((resolve, reject) => { $.ajax({ url: databaseUrl, type: 'POST', data:{csrfmiddlewaretoken: "KWBO1HuEHnRuyGSsJnZhKtFOtsVAawJYCepzt3VUsDnzffq0fPUtn6xRsSdyKmOK"}, success: function (data) { // 3. verify that the elements of the database exist and are arrays if ( ('books' in data) && ('curriculum' in data) && ('topics' in data) && Array.isArray(data.books) && Array.isArray(data.curriculum) && Array.isArray(data.topics)) { localforage.setItem('whiletyping_last_success', (new Date()).getTime()); localforage.setItem('whiletyping_database', data); resolve(data); } }, error: function (error) { console.log(error); resolve(null); }, complete: function (data) { single_whiletyping_ajax_promise = null; } }) }); } return resp; } return Promise.resolve(null); }).catch(function(err) { console.log(err); return Promise.resolve(null); }); } function get_whiletyping_search_object() { // gets the fuse objects that will be in charge of the search if (whiletyping_search_object){ return Promise.resolve(whiletyping_search_object); } database_promise = localforage.getItem('whiletyping_database').then(function(database) { return localforage.getItem('whiletyping_last_success').then(function(last_success) { if (database==null || (new Date()) - (new Date(last_success)) > 1000*60*60*24*30 || (new Date('2023-04-25T00:00:00')) - (new Date(last_success)) > 0) { // New database update return get_whiletyping_database().then(function(new_database) { if (new_database) { database = new_database; } return database; }); } else { return Promise.resolve(database); } }); }); return database_promise.then(function(database) { if (database) { const options = { isCaseSensitive: false, includeScore: true, shouldSort: true, // includeMatches: false, // findAllMatches: false, // minMatchCharLength: 1, // location: 0, threshold: 0.2, // distance: 100, // useExtendedSearch: false, ignoreLocation: true, // ignoreFieldNorm: false, // fieldNormWeight: 1, keys: [ "title" ] }; let curriculum_index={}; let topics_index={}; database.curriculum.forEach(c => curriculum_index[c.id]=c); database.topics.forEach(t => topics_index[t.id]=t); for (j=0; j

    Solutions
  • Textbooks
  • `); } function build_solutions() { if (Array.isArray(solution_search_result)) { const viewAllHTML = userSubscribed ? `View All` : ''; var solutions_section = $(`
  • Solutions ${viewAllHTML}
  • `); let questionUrl = "/questions/xxx/"; let askUrl = "/ask/question/xxx/"; solution_search_result.forEach((elem) => { let url = ('course' in elem)?askUrl:questionUrl; let solution_type = ('course' in elem)?'ask':'question'; let subtitle = ('course' in elem)?(elem.course??""):(elem.book ?? "")+"    "+(elem.chapter?"Chapter "+elem.chapter:""); solutions_section.find('#whiletyping-solutions').append(` ${elem.text} ${subtitle} `); }); $('#search-solution-options').empty(); if (Array.isArray(solution_search_result) && solution_search_result.length>0){ $('#search-solution-options').append(solutions_section); } MathJax.typesetPromise([document.getElementById('search-solution-options')]); } } function build_textbooks() { $('#search-pretype-options').empty(); $('#search-pretype-options').append($('#search-solution-options').html()); if (Array.isArray(textbook_search_result)) { var books_section = $(`
  • Textbooks View All
  • `); let searchUrl = "/books/xxx/"; textbook_search_result.forEach((elem) => { books_section.find('#whiletyping-books').append(` ${elem.title} ${ordinal(elem.edition)} ${elem.author} `); }); } if (Array.isArray(textbook_search_result) && textbook_search_result.length>0){ $('#search-pretype-options').append(books_section); } } function build_popup(first_time = false) { if ($('#search-text').val()=='') { build_pretype(); } else { solution_and_textbook_search(); } } var search_text_out = true; var search_popup_out = true; const is_login = false; const user_hash = null; function pretype_setup() { $('#search-text').focusin(function() { $('#search-popup').addClass('show'); resize_popup(); search_text_out = false; }); $( window ).resize(function() { resize_popup(); }); $('#search-text').focusout(() => { search_text_out = true; if (search_text_out && search_popup_out) { $('#search-popup').removeClass('show'); } }); $('#search-popup').mouseenter(() => { search_popup_out = false; }); $('#search-popup').mouseleave(() => { search_popup_out = true; if (search_text_out && search_popup_out) { $('#search-popup').removeClass('show'); } }); $('#search-text').on("keyup", delay(() => { build_popup(); }, 200)); build_popup(true); let prevbookUrl = `/search/pretype_books/`; let prebooks = null; try { prebooks = JSON.parse(localStorage.getItem('PRETYPE_BOOKS_'+(is_login?user_hash:'ANON'))); }catch(e) {} if (prebooks && 'previous_books' in prebooks && 'recommended_books' in prebooks) { if (is_login) { previous_books = prebooks.previous_books; recommended_books = prebooks.recommended_books; if (prebooks.time && new Date().getTime()-prebooks.time<1000*60*60*6) { build_popup(); return; } } else { anon_pretype(); return; } } $.ajax({ url: prevbookUrl, method: 'POST', data:{csrfmiddlewaretoken: "KWBO1HuEHnRuyGSsJnZhKtFOtsVAawJYCepzt3VUsDnzffq0fPUtn6xRsSdyKmOK"}, success: function(response){ previous_books = response.previous_books; recommended_books = response.recommended_books; if (is_login) { localStorage.setItem('PRETYPE_BOOKS_'+user_hash, JSON.stringify({ previous_books: previous_books, recommended_books: recommended_books, time: new Date().getTime() })); } build_popup(); }, error: function(response){ console.log(response); } }); } $( document ).ready(pretype_setup); $( document ).ready(function(){ $('#search-popup').on('click', '.search-view-item', function(e) { e.preventDefault(); let autoCompleteSearchViewUrl = `/search/autocomplete_search_view/`; let objectUrl = $(this).attr('href'); let selectedId = $(this).data('objid'); let searchResults = []; $("#whiletyping-solutions").find("a").each(function() { let is_selected = selectedId === $(this).data('objid'); searchResults.push({ objectId: $(this).data('objid'), contentType: $(this).data('contenttype'), category: $(this).data('category'), selected: is_selected }); }); $("#whiletyping-books").find("a").each(function() { let is_selected = selectedId === $(this).data('objid'); searchResults.push({ objectId: $(this).data('objid'), contentType: $(this).data('contenttype'), category: $(this).data('category'), selected: is_selected }); }); $.ajax({ url: autoCompleteSearchViewUrl, method: 'POST', data:{ csrfmiddlewaretoken: "KWBO1HuEHnRuyGSsJnZhKtFOtsVAawJYCepzt3VUsDnzffq0fPUtn6xRsSdyKmOK", query: $('#search-text').val(), searchObjects: JSON.stringify(searchResults) }, dataType: 'json', complete: function(data){ window.location.href = objectUrl; } }); }); });
    For the small signal model of the forward-biased pn junction, shown in Figure 10.15, RS=5 Ω, rd=10 Ω, Cd=110 pF at ID F of 1 mA. Use MATLAB to plot the equivalent input impedance (magnitude and phase) for frequencies from 10^4 to 10^10  Hz. | Numerade (2024)

    FAQs

    Which is based on forward biased pn junction? ›

    Light Emitting Diode is a forward biased p-n junction diode.

    Why is there current increase in forward bias? ›

    An electric current will flow in the forward-bias direction due to the majority of carriers' migration over the p-n junction, which is known as forwarding current. When forward biased, the p-n junction has a low resistance to current flow.

    When a pn junction is in forward biased as biased potential, increases the width of depletion region.? ›

    The width of the depletion layer in a p-n junction diode decreases in forward bias due to repulsion of carriers from battery terminals, holes from p-type and electrons from n-type. Now, due to small number of ions in depletion region its potential decreases.

    How a pn junction can be forward biased? ›

    Forward Biased Pn Junction Diode

    When positive terminal of the source is connected to the P side and the negative terminal is connected to N side then the junction diode is said to be connected in forward bias condition. Forward bias lowers the potential across the PN junction.

    How to tell if a diode is forward biased? ›

    A diode is forward-biased when the positive (red) test lead is on the anode and the negative (black) test lead is on the cathode. The forward-biased resistance of a good diode should range from 1000 Ω to 10 MΩ.

    When a pn junction is forward biased, the current is due to? ›

    The correct option is C the diffusion of electronsExplanation:When PN junction diode is in forward biased condition then the flow of current is mainly due to diffusion of electrons.

    What is the formula for current in forward bias? ›

    The forward current approximation, as we will call it, results in the following formula: i(v)≈ISexp(vηVT)v>0.2V.

    Which of the following pn junctions has forward bias? ›

    The p−n junction diode is forward biased when p is at high potential with respect to n. In the given options, figure shown in b and c have p region at higher potential than n region. Hence, they are forward biased.

    Which junction is forward biased? ›

    The emitter base junction is forward biased while collector base junction is reversed biased for the transistor to be working in the active state. As the first junction is forwardly biased, majority carries the current and goes to base but to reach the collector the second junction has to be reversed biased.

    When a pn junction is forward biased, which type of charge? ›

    Characteristics of PN junction diode in forward bias

    When the PN junction is forward biased, the applied positive potential repels the holes in the P region or positive region, and the applied negative potential repels the electron in the negative region, so the charge moves towards the junction.

    What are the characteristics of forward biased pn junction? ›

    Forward bias characteristics
    • Forward bias allows the current flow easily and diminishes the potential barrier.
    • In this process, the positive terminal of the voltage connects with the anode & the negative side connects with the cathode.
    • The anode voltage is greater than the cathode voltage.

    References

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